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Group Number: none. "erbium" definition: a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group. Materials: Group Number Erbium (Er) (& Color, Uses ... Group Number Erbium (Er) (& Color, Uses ... https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-qb2g7e-N3ps/XUBtRSjIfyI/AAAAAAAAeTQ/JQmckhw9xyc7ApEuRwOU39aegXayNgFSQCLcBGAs/s320/group-number-er.webp, https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-qb2g7e-N3ps/XUBtRSjIfyI/AAAAAAAAeTQ/JQmckhw9xyc7ApEuRwOU39aegXayNgFSQCLcBGAs/s72-c/group-number-er.webp, https://materials.gelsonluz.com/2019/07/group-number-erbium-er-color-uses.html. A trivalent element, pure erbium metal is malleable (or easily shaped), soft yet stable in air, and does not oxidize as quickly as some other rare-earth metals. The oxalates are converted to oxides by annealing. Erbium-doped glasses or crystals can be used as optical amplification media, where Er3+ ions are optically pumped at around 980 or 1480 nm and then radiate light at 1530 nm in stimulated emission. Benjamin Brenny (2017, TNO) Erbium Metals, Rare Earth Yttrium Ytterbium Silicon Cadmium Compounds Elements Neodymium Hafnium Strontium Yttrium Radioisotopes Titanium Graphite Neurofibromin 1. Atomic number: 68: Group numbers: 3: Period: 6: Electronic configuration: [Xe] 4f 12 6s 2: Formal oxidation number: +3: Electronegativities: 1.24: Atomic radius / pm: 173.4: Relative atomic mass: 167.259(3) Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander (SE) in 1843. In addition to optical fiber amplifier-lasers, a large variety of medical applications (i.e. Description Soft, malleable, silvery metal. Element Classification: Metal. Registered agent is Laura Semerjian, 34319 Lamborn St Temecula CA 92592. occurs with yttrium. [18] This concentration is enough to make erbium about 45th in elemental abundance in the Earth's crust. dermatology, dentistry) rely on the erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser) when lit at another wavelength, which is highly absorbed in water in tissues, making its effect very superficial. Dion Ursem – group technician Floortje van den Berg – secretary. [27][28][29], Yttrium and all lanthanides except Ce and Pm have been observed in the oxidation state 0 in bis(1,3,5-tri-t-butylbenzene) complexes, see. Atomic weight of Erbium is 167.259 u or g/mol. Erbium was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1842. View information & documentation regarding Erbium, including CAS, MSDS & more. Erbium's principal uses involve its pink-colored Er3+ ions, which have optical fluorescent properties particularly useful in certain laser applications. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements. The acidic filtrates are partially neutralized with caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) to pH 3–4. dermatology, dentistry) utilize erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water (absorption coefficient about 12000/cm). Its salts are rose-colored, and the element has characteristic sharp absorption spectra bands in visible light, ultraviolet, and near infrared. Erbia has a pink color and is used to color glass and glazes. Atomic Symbol Er Description Soft, malleable, silvery metal. Its compounds like Erbium … The primary decay products before 166Er are element 67 (holmium) isotopes, and the primary products after are element 69 (thulium) isotopes. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral erbium is [Xe].4f 12.6s 2 and the term symbol of erbium is 3 H 6. Erbium's properties are to a degree dictated by the kind and amount of impurities present. A spectroscopist mistakenly switched the names of the two elements during spectroscopy. Humans consume 1 milligram of erbium a year on average. Mosander was not certain of the purity of the oxides and later tests confirmed his uncertainty. Erbium's everyday uses are varied. Reasonably pure erbium metal was not produced until 1934 when Wilhelm Klemm and Heinrich Bommer reduced the anhydrous chloride with potassium vapor. The principal commercial sources of erbium are from the minerals xenotime and euxenite, and most recently, the ion adsorption clays of southern China; in consequence, China has now become the principal global supplier of this element. 2.3 Erbium. It is a silvery-white, rare earth metal that is malleable, ductile, and soft enough to be cut with a knife.The ninth member of the lanthanide series, terbium is a fairly electropositive metal that reacts with water, evolving hydrogen gas. Named after Ytterby, a village in Sweden. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements. Atomic Weight: 167.259. It is widely used in the form of the trivalent ion Er 3+ as the laser-active dopant of gain media based on various host materials, including both crystals and glasses . Thorium precipitates out of solution as hydroxide and is removed. Below is a list of Creative Erbium slogans for chemistry assignments, science projects & project presentations. Erbium (chemical symbol: Er) is a chemical element belonging to the group of rare earth metals. Erbium is a chemical radioactive element present as the eleventh element in the lanthanide series of the periodic table. This element also has 13 meta states, with the most stable being 167mEr with a half-life of 2.269 s.[8], The isotopes of erbium range in atomic weight from 142.9663 u (143Er) to 176.9541 u (177Er). Erbium metal retains its luster in dry air, however will tarnish slowly in moist air and burns readily to form erbium(III) oxide: Erbium is quite electropositive and reacts slowly with cold water and quite quickly with hot water to form erbium hydroxide: Erbium metal reacts with all the halogens: Erbium dissolves readily in dilute sulfuric acid to form solutions containing hydrated Er(III) ions, which exist as rose red [Er(OH2)9]3+ hydration complexes:[7], Naturally occurring erbium is composed of 6 stable isotopes, 162Er, 164Er, 166Er, 167Er, 168Er, and 170Er, with 166Er being the most abundant (33.503% natural abundance). Erbium Group is an entity registered at California with company number C3971246. [4][26], Erbium does not have a biological role, but erbium salts can stimulate metabolism. Need an editable periodic table to edit? Melting Point: 1802 K (1529°C or 2784°F) Boiling Point: 3141 K (2868°C or 5194°F) Density: 9.07 grams per cubic centimeter. Sigma-Aldrich offers a number of Erbium products. Not only did the "yttria" contain yttrium, erbium, and terbium; in the ensuing years, chemists, geologists and spectroscopists discovered five additional elements: ytterbium, scandium, thulium, holmium, and gadolinium. The oxides are dissolved in nitric acid that excludes one of the main components, cerium, whose oxide is insoluble in HNO3. Name Origin Named after the Swedish town, Ytterby. This color behavior is similar to what Mosander and the other early workers in the lanthanides would have seen in their extracts from the gadolinite minerals of Ytterby. The salts are separated by ion exchange. Erbium is an element with atomic symbol Er, atomic number 68, and atomic weight 167.259. [4], Erbium is slightly toxic if ingested, but erbium compounds are not toxic. Technical data for Erbium Click any property name to see plots of that property for all the elements. The company has 7 directors who have also been the directors of 45 other Irish companies between them; 10 of which are now closed. Atomic Number of Erbium is 68.. Chemical symbol for Erbium is Er. 10XX,52,11XX,17,12XX,7,13XX,4,15XX,16,3XXX,2,40XX,10,41XX,12,43XX,5,44XX,4,46XX,5,47XX,3,48XX,3,5XXX,23,6XXX,3,71XX,1,8XXX,22,92XX,5,93XX,1,94XX,4,98XX,2,ASTM,171,Atomic-Mass,327,Atomic-Number,436,Atomic-Radius,86,Atomic-Symbol,329,Atomic-Volume,94,Boiling-Point,94,CBS,6,Chemical-Elements,100,Chemical-Symbol,217,CMDS,13,Coefficient-of-Thermal-Expansion,85,Covalent-Radius,87,Crystal-Structure,109,CS,17,CVS,3,Density,309,Elastic-Modulus,30,Electrical-Conductivity,79,Electro-Affinity,87,Electron-Configuration,109,Electronegativity,102,Electrons-per-Shell,112,Enthalpy-of-Fusion,93,Enthalpy-of-Vaporization,95,Group-Number,218,HCS,14,Heat-of-Fusion,87,Heat-of-Vaporization,85,HMCS,16,Ionic-Radius,78,Ionization-Energy,102,Ionization-Potential,101,LCS,21,List,201,MCS,17,MDS,14,Melting-Point,96,MS,4,NCMDBS,6,NCMDS,31,NCS,2,NMDS,8,Oxidation-States,104,Period-Number,107,Properties,40,RCLS,1,RCS,16,RRCLS,3,RRCS,4,SAE,201,Site,2,SMS,5,Specific-Gravity,83,Specific-Heat,92,Specific-Weight,1,Tests,2,Thermal-Conductivity,105,Valence-Electrons,98. It is commonly used as a photographic filter,[20] and because of its resilience it is useful as a metallurgical additive. [16] It was only in the 1990s that the price for Chinese-derived erbium oxide became low enough for erbium to be considered for use as a colorant in art glass.[17]. He discovered that the sample contained at least two metal oxides in addition to pure yttria, which he named "erbia" and "terbia" after the village of Ytterby where the gadolinite had been found. The 1550 nm wavelength is especially important for optical communications because standard single mode optical fibers have minimal loss at this particular wavelength. Erbium Overview Erbium Group Number lanthanides Atomic Number 68 Learn more about the atomic number. Erbium is a chemical element with the symbol Er and atomic number 68. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. These dopants help prevent clustering of Er ions and transfer the energy more efficiently between excitation light (also known as optical pump) and the signal. Pure erbium is a silvery white metal. When it is artificially isolated its appearance is a silvery-white solid metal. Erbium Limited was set up on Tuesday the 31st of May 2016. Group Name: Lanthanide. State at 20 °C Solid Discovery Discovered By: Carl Mosander Erbium is a chemical element with the symbol Er and atomic number 68. [8], Erbium (for Ytterby, a village in Sweden) was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in 1843. Erbia, the renamed material that Mosander discovered in 1843, is erbium oxide (Er 2 O 3), one of erbium's compounds. Element Erbium (Er), Group 19, Atomic Number 68, f-block, Mass 167.259. The number of erbium-related luminescence transitions decreases dramatically to eight sharp transitions when the MBE growth temperature is decreased from 600°C to 580 o C. [128] The photoluminescence efficiency of erbium-doped AlGaAs is an order of magnitude stronger than that of erbium … Regular visitors. Erbium can also be used in erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers. Other erbium compounds include: erbium fluoride (ErF 3, erbium chloride (ErCl 3 and erbium iodide (ErI 3). The solution is treated with magnesium nitrate to produce a crystallized mixture of double salts of rare-earth metals. [4], Erbium is ferromagnetic below 19 K, antiferromagnetic between 19 and 80 K and paramagnetic above 80 K.[5], Erbium can form propeller-shaped atomic clusters Er3N, where the distance between the erbium atoms is 0.35 nm. 263044: Erbium powder, −40 mesh, 99.9% trace rare earth metals basis : Er pricing. Erbium melting point is 1592 O C and its boiling point is 2868 O C. It has high density at room temperature it is about 9.066 g/cm 3. Maybe add your school logo, work team or anything else to maker your paper look cool? Their current partial address is Dublin 2, and the company status is Normal. After that the solution is treated with ammonium oxalate to convert rare earths into their insoluble oxalates. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden, from which it got its name. [citation needed], Erbium-doped optical silica-glass fibers are the active element in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs), which are widely used in optical communications. [4], When added to vanadium as an alloy, erbium lowers hardness and improves workability. Erbium atoms have 68 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.30.8.2. This process results in an unusually mechanically simple laser optical amplifier for signals transmitted by fiber optics. A large variety of medical applications (i.e. Atomic Symbol Er Name Origin Named after the Swedish town, Ytterby. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements on Earth. Otherwise it looks much like the other rare earths. Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is helpful in laser surgery, and for the efficient production of steam which produces enamel ablation by common types of dental laser. Like other rare earths, this element is never found as a free element in nature but is found bound in monazite sand ores. Erbium is a less commonly used burnable poison material, but has been used in some commercial PWRs and is potentially useful for specialized applications. It is a lanthanide, a rare earth element, originally found in the gadolinite mine in Ytterby in Sweden, from which it got its name. The pure form of the element is a metal. Erbium definition is - a metallic chemical element of the rare-earth group with atomic number 68 that is used especially in lasers, infrared light filters, and optical fibers. Its atomic weight is 167.259. Company is incorporated on 23rd December 2016. The concentration of erbium in the Earth crust is about 2.8 mg/kg and in the sea water 0.9 ng/L. Although a rare earth, erbium is not all that rare. 68: Erbium - Erbium [Er] Group: 3 Period: 6 Atomic number: 68 Atomic mass: 167.259 Configuration: [Xe] 4f 12 6s 2 Atomic radius: 226 pm Covalent radius: 189 pm Electron affinity: 50 eV Ionization energy: 6.1077 eV Electronic term: 3 H 6 Mass fraction in the earth crust: 0.000003 Mass fraction in the earth space: 0.000000002 Electronegativity: 1.24 Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment 13. Hesketh, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 2002. It has a tendency to get tarnished in the open air, but when alloyed with elements like erbium, vanadium, its hardness levels decreases. [21] The same fibers can be used to create fiber lasers. Erbium sesquioxide (oxide containing three atoms of oxygen and two atoms of another element) are called erbia. Atomic Mass 167,26 Learn more about the atomic mass. Its sesquioxide is called erbia. 68 Er Erbium 167.259. Erbium Group’s experienced and professional website maintenance and support team is capable of maintaining your website without compromising on the quality. Period Number: 6. The rare earth ions are then selectively washed out by suitable complexing agent. Co-doping of optical fiber with Er and Yb is used in high-power Er/Yb fiber lasers. Erbium is a chemical element with symbol Er and atomic number 68. Crushed minerals are attacked by hydrochloric or sulfuric acid that transforms insoluble rare-earth oxides into soluble chlorides or sulfates. Erbium: description Your user agent does not support the HTML5 Audio element. Current status of the company is Active. In order to work efficiently, erbium-doped fiber is usually co-doped with glass modifiers/homogenizers, often aluminum or phosphorus. It has historically been very difficult and expensive to separate rare earths from each other in their ores but ion-exchange chromatography methods[19] developed in the late 20th century have greatly brought down the cost of production of all rare-earth metals and their chemical compounds. Erbium is a chemical element in the lanthanide series, with symbol Er and atomic number 68. Name: Erbium Symbol: Er Atomic Number: 68 Atomic Mass: 167.26 amu Melting Point: 1522.0 °C (1795.15 K, 2771.6 °F) Boiling Point: 2510.0 °C (2783.15 K, 4550.0 °F) Number of Protons/Electrons: 68 Number of Neutrons: 99 Classification: Rare Earth Crystal Structure: Hexagonal Density @ 293 K: 8.795 g/cm 3 Color: grayish Atomic Structure Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is necessary for laser surgery, and the efficient production of steam for laser enamel ablation in dentistry.

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