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Cary, S., S. Giovannoni. Malacologia 20: 161-194. National Science Foundation October 20, 2012 Recent research suggests that the two symbiotic organisms, “Candidatus R. magnifica” and “Candidatus V. okutanii”, may share common ancestry with the autonomously living species T. crunogena. The yolk reserves of the lecithotrophic larvae are the only known maternal support the offspring receive. 1998. Kenneth J Boss, Ruth D Turner (1980) The giant white calm from the Galapagos Rift, Calyptogena magnifica species novum. Preferred Names. ロウリガイ in Japanese Bibliographic References.

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, The European Molecular Biology Laboratory, State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, ›Calyptogena magnifica Boss & Turner, 1980. Ruthia magnifica (Rma; C. magnifica symbiont), have small genomes (1.02 and 1.16 Mb, respectively) with low G+C contents (31.6% and 34.0%, respectively) and are thought to be in an ongoing stage of reductive genome evolution (RGE). Predation structures communities at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Adaptations to sulfide by hydrothermal vent animals: sites and mechanisms of detoxification and metabolism. The Calyptogena magnifica symbiont Candidatus Ruthia magnifica was selected for sequencing because this symbiosis is one of the dominant macrofauna at vent sites in the eastern Pacific Ocean. NCBI Cm (Calyptogena magnifica) Rank i. Areas of the deep sea floor where continental plates are being pushed apart. October 19, 2012 Calyptogena magnifica Boss & Turner, 1980. 2002. RUTMC: B Ruthia magnifica subsp. The sulfide is then transported to the bacterial symbiont via circulation. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, The ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal vents, http://www.pnas.org/content/90/12/5695.full.pdf+html, http://jeb.biologists.org/content/179/1/131.short, http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/27852138, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018299001029, http://smartech.gatech.edu/bitstream/handle/1853/34063/2004_Hay_MEPS_002.pdf?sequence=1, http://mollus.oxfordjournals.org/content/72/4/359.full.pdf+html, http://micheli.stanford.edu/pdf/69-Michelietal2002EcolMonog.pdf, http://www.biolbull.org/content/171/1/274.full.pdf+html, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. body of water between the southern ocean (above 60 degrees south latitude), Australia, Asia, and the western hemisphere. The neurotransmitter serotonin is commonly responsible for the stimulation of the release and re-initiation of meiosis in the oocyctes and may be one of the chemical cues responsible for egg release in C. magnifica. 1999. Science, 229(4715): 713-717. Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Protein sets from fully sequenced genomes. Vesicomyosocius okutanii (Vok; C. okutanii symbiont) and Ca. By measuring the strontium/calcium ratio and the annual growth rate observed on the shell, the hydrothermal vent temperature can be studied over time and used to evaluate eruptions that may have occurred. Calyptogena. Calyptogena Dall, 1891 - Ocean Biogeographic Information System. Recent research suggests that the two symbiotic organisms, “Candidatus R. magnifica” and “Candidatus V. okutanii”, may share common ancestry with the autonomously living species T. crunogena. Calcium carbonate dissolution rates in deep-sea bivalve shells on the East Pacific Rise at 21 deg N: results of an 8-year in-situ experiment. Search Words: Calyptogena . (as keyword in perception channel section) This animal has a special ability to detect heat from other organisms in its environment. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. Contributor Galleries ... Calyptogena magnifica unaccepted: Species: Calyptogena valdiviae: Subgenus: Calyptogena (Ectenagena) unaccepted: ... No accepted name available: 0 Missing and invalid fields. Since environmental stimuli are largely absent, spawning is continuous and takes place between the ages of 3 and 15. Once an adult, these clams have a thick shell that provides a structural defense against predators. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Essay Classification Calyptogena Magnificat. Recent bivalve molluscs of the genus Calyptogena (Vesicomyidae). Chemoautotrophic endosymbionts are the metabolic cornerstone of hydrothermal vent communities, providing invertebrate hosts with nearly all of their nutrition. & Turner, R.D., 1980. In insects, "incomplete metamorphosis" is when young animals are similar to adults and change gradually into the adult form, and "complete metamorphosis" is when there is a profound change between larval and adult forms. Knowledge of the metabolic capabilities of this symbiosis provides new perspectives on the coupling of carbon and sulfur fluxes in the deep-sea, a substantial reservoir in the global carbon cycle. 1980. As a result, the digestive system and labial palps of the bivalve are extremely reduced, and the foot and gills are highly vascularized to better facilitate gas exchange and hydrogen sulfide uptake. This material is based upon work supported by the This symbiont is transmitted vertically between generations via the clam's eggs; however, it remains uncertain whether occasionally symbionts are horizontally transmitted or acquired from the environment. a method of feeding where small food particles are filtered from the surrounding water by various mechanisms. Also, the tissue in C. magnifica is considered unpalatable to predators when hydrogen sulfide is released from the sulfide-metabolizing bacterial symbiont on the gill tissue. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Other names i. ›Candidatus Ruthia magnifica str. High molecular weight factors in the blood bind the sulfide tightly to extract the sulfide from the environment. (Jones, 1983; Van Dover, 2000), Calyptogena magnifica is a sessile and marginally motile organism. There are no common names associated with this taxon. ›Candidatus Ruthia magnifica str. Science, 280(5365): 883-886. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.

Terminal (leaf) node. (Cary and Giovannoni, 1993; Jones, 1983; Van Dover, 2000), Once sexually mature, Calyptogena magnifica gametes are released into the environment continuously and in small numbers by all individuals. Taxon Information Krylova, E., H. Sahling. 1985. Once clams are greater than 6 cm in length (between 1 and 4 years old) they begin maturing sexually, and by 9-10 cm long they are considered ripe. October 20, 2012 1993. Transovarial inheritance of endosymbiotic bacteria in clams inhabiting deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Mary Lee (author), The College of New Jersey, Deanna Tarquinio (author), The College of New Jersey, Keith Pecor (editor), The College of New Jersey, Renee Mulcrone (editor), Special Projects. Clams as recorders of ocean ridge volcanism and hydrothermal vent field activity. The hydrothermal vent clam Calyptogena magnifica (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae) depends for its nutrition on sulfur-oxidizing symbiotic bacteria housed in its gill tissues. Journal of MolluscanStudies, 72(4): 359-395. This species is not under any protection status. Fertilization results from any successful union of an egg cell and a sperm cell. non-motile; permanently attached at the base. Accessed Home; about. Accessed Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 154: 293-299. It also receives nutrients through a symbiotic relationship with sulfur-metabolizing bacteria that are located on the outer region of its gill tissue. Common Name: Date Received: 02/10/09. This species has indeterminate growth, as the shell of the bivalve grows in annual, evident increments. Vesicomyosocius okutanii (Vok; C. okutanii symbiont) and Ca. The Calyptogena magnifica (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae) symbiont, Candidatus Ruthia magnifica, is the first intracellular sulfur-oxidizing endosymbiont to have its genome sequenced, revealing a suite of metabolic capabilities. (Fujikura, et al., 2007; Krylova and Sahling, 2005; Micheli, et al., 2002), Calyptogena magnifica suspension-feeds on particles rich in nitrogen and lipid compounds present in the hydrothermal fluid. Please consider upgrading,

An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. cl. at http://smartech.gatech.edu/bitstream/handle/1853/34063/2004_Hay_MEPS_002.pdf?sequence=1. Grassle, J. Powell, M., G. Somero. at http://www.pnas.org/content/90/12/5695.full.pdf+html. A new pectinid bivalve, Bathypecten vulcani Fatton, 1985, of …. Micheli, F., C. Peterson, L. Mullineaux, C. Fisher, S. Mills, G. Sancho, G. Johnson, H. Lenihan. at http://mollus.oxfordjournals.org/content/72/4/359.full.pdf+html. Species with most common groups. Oceanic vents are places where hot sulfur-rich water is released from the ocean floor. Chemoautotrophic endosymbionts are the metabolic cornerstone of hydrothermal vent communities, providing invertebrate hosts with nearly all of their nutrition. Funding : This work was performed under the auspices of the US Department of Energy's Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program and the by the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract No. The siphons of the clam are used to tap into the ambient oxygen and carbon dioxide above the valves. A large change in the shape or structure of an animal that happens as the animal grows. Kicklighter, C., C. Fisher, M. Hay. The hydrothermal vents where they anchor themselves last only tens of years, so strong colonization abilities are favored over longevity since adults are non-motile. Calyptogena. The bacteria produce organic carbon and nitrogen, which serve as nutrition for the clam. Scientific Names. (Berg, 1985; Van Dover, 2000), Due to the newness of vent invertebrate studies, very little is known about the degree of parental involvement in Calyptogena magnifica. Sexes are separate (dioecious) and fertilization is external and non-specific. 1986. at http://jeb.biologists.org/content/179/1/131.short. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! Accessed 'Calyptogena magnifica'. Large clams remain almost fully ripe, as only a small proportion of gametes are released at any one time. These predators consume newly settled larvae and juveniles. Search in feature Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 154(4): 293-299. The shell of the bivalve grows in annual increments, which makes it possible to determine the age. Scientific name i: Calyptogena magnifica: Taxonomy navigation › Calyptogena. The Biological Bulletin, 171: 274-290. Classification, To cite this page: DB Name: Ruthia magnifica magnifica (subsp. Boss, K., R. Turner. W-7405-Eng-48, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory under contract No. Disclaimer: Upload your photos Google image | No photo available for this species. A framework for high-performance data management Thus, breeding occurs year round. Gateway to tree browsing To navigate the sTOL, we display a path from a given node upward, leading as far as teh ancestral superkingdom (i.e., all ancestral nodes to the current node of interest in a sequential order. Only a handful of scientists have studied this species, and it has yet to be found elsewhere. Hydrothermal vent animals: distribution and biology. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. This is the world's largest ocean, covering about 28% of the world's surface. Knowledge of the metabolic capabilities of this symbiosis provides new perspectives on the coupling of carbon and sulfur fluxes in the deep-sea, a substantial reservoir in the global carbon cycle. -. October 20, 2012 ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. However, the water current must be slow for the females to detect the high concentration of chemical cues. Kennish, M., R. Lutz. having a body temperature that fluctuates with that of the immediate environment; having no mechanism or a poorly developed mechanism for regulating internal body temperature. DE-AC03-76SF00098 and Los Alamos National Laboratory … Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. column on 7 May 2012 (check views).The text of the entry was as follows: "Did you know ... that the giant white clam Calyptogena magnifica and the large mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus are found at hydrothermal vents more than a mile beneath the surface of the Pacific Ocean?" "Calyptogena magnifica" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. This species has the basic bivalvian body plan, with a few unique features. Economic Importance for Humans: Positive. having the capacity to move from one place to another. 2012 [nom. Calyptogena magnifica Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Bivalvia Subclass: Heterodonta Order: Venerida Superfamily: Glossoidea Family: Vesicomyidae Genus: Calyptogena Species: C. magnifica Binomial name Calyptogena magnifica Boss & Turner, 1980 Calyptogena magnifica is a species of giant white clam found clustered around hydrothermal vents at … A fact from Calyptogena magnifica appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page in the Did you know? ... Calyptogena Dall 1891. Also, its shells are composed of calcium carbonate and will dissolve at a rate dependent on shell mineralogy, shell microstructure, and proximity to hydrothermal vent fluids. The shells of Calyptogena magnifica can be used to study the thermal and chemical history of hydrothermal vent systems in the mid-ocean ridge and volcanic activity through a time series. One Sample or Lot of Samples If Lot, Number of Samples: 2. Calcium carbonate dissolution rates in deep-sea bivalve shells on the East Pacific Rise at 21°N: results of an 8-year in-situ experiment. Reproductive strategies of mollusks from abyssal hydrothermal vent communities. Curated hierarchies for Calyptogena kaikoi. There are no known adverse effects of Calyptogena magnifica on humans. 1993. The ecology of deep-sea hydrothermal vents. scientific_name: Calyptogena tax_id: 6589 rank: genus division_code: INV genetic_code_id: 1 mt_genetic_code_id: 5 lineage: cellular If either or both conditions are not met, the females will not release their eggs. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply (Powell and Somero, 1986), The shells of Calyptogena magnifica can be used to study the thermal and chemical history of hydrothermal vent systems in the mid-ocean ridge and volcanic activity through a time series. In response, the females release eggs from their exhalant siphons when a threshold of sperm or associated chemicals is detected. (Hart and Blusztajn, 1998; Kennish and Lutz, 1999). You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. The Calyptogena magnifica (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae) symbiont, Candidatus Ruthia magnifica , is the first intracellular sulfur-oxidizing endosymbiont to have its genome sequenced, revealing a … These clumps are termed “clambakes.” Within the cracks, there is a low flow of warm, carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide rich vent water, no sunlight, over a thousand atmospheres of pressure, and a temperature of about 10-15 degrees Celsius (C). The bacteria located on the outer layer of the foot and mantle also provide peripheral defense by detoxifying the sulfide as soon as it enters the body. Accessed December 05, 2020 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Calyptogena_magnifica/. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. An aquatic biome. Malacologia, 20(1): 161-194. Accessed -. Užauga iki 30 cm ilgio ir yra kur kas didesnė už giminingas rÅ«Å¡is. 2004. January 03, 2013 The foot is highly vascularized and extends; it functions in taking in sulfide and transporting it through the blood to the sulfur-metabolizing bacteria. The giant white clam from the Galapagos Rift, Calyptogena magnifica species novum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 90: 5695-5699. Hart, S., J. Blusztajn. Most notable are the communities of sulfur-oxidizing chemolithotrophic bacterial symbionts within the gills and other tissues. ION contains all the animal, plant, and virus names data found within the Clarivate Analytics literature databases - Zoological Record®, BIOSIS Previews® and Biological Abstracts®. Species with most common groups. Childress, J., C. Fisher, J. Favuzzi, A. Arp, D. Oros. 106 records found. at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018299001029. Animals with indeterminate growth continue to grow throughout their lives. Malacologia, 20(1): 161--194 Architecture of NarGH reveals a structural classification of Mo-bisMGD enzymes. American Scientist, 71(4): 384-391. Objective “ Candidatus Ruthia magnifica”, “Candidatus Vesicomyosocius okutanii” and Thiomicrospira crunogena are all sulfur-oxidising bacteria found in deep-sea vent environments. Used mainly by aquatic invertebrates, especially plankton, but also by baleen whales. mainly lives in oceans, seas, or other bodies of salt water. Candidatus Ruthia magnifica Cm, endosymbiont of Calyptogena magnifica (hydrothermal vent clam) Pathway: rma01200 rma01100 rma01120: Reaction: R01196,R10866 C00024-> C00022 R00199,R00206 C00022-> C00074 R00345 C00074-> C00036 R00344 C00022-> C00036 R00342 C00036-> C00149 R01082 C00149-> C00122 R02164,R00402 C00122-> C00042 R00405 C00042-> … Thermal vent clam (Calyptogena magnifica) hemoglobin. (Childress, et al., 1993; Hart and Blusztajn, 1998), Calyptogena magnifica has a synchronized but not always consistent release of sperm and eggs. (Boss and Turner, 1980; Terwilliger, et al., 1983; Van Dover, 2000), Calyptogena magnifica thrives in the lush areas surrounding hydrothermal vents. Boss, K.J. Two Calyptogena clam intracellular obligate symbionts, Ca. Once contacting a substrate, the larvae metamorphoses into the adult form. Science, 219(4587): 981-983. Gyvena vandenynų dugne, 2500 m gylyje, prie karÅ¡tųjų versmių. fertilization takes place within the female's body. Calyptogena magnifica: 781: THISH: B Thioalkalivibrio sulfidiphilus (strain HL-EbGR7) 622: ALLVD: Natura - nature actualia - actual entities Mundus Plinius - physical world naturalia - natural bodies Biota "neomura" Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993 scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000 podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012 [nom. Accessed Chemical defense of hydrothermal vent and hydrocarbon seep organisms: a preliminary assessment using shallow-water consumers. (Grassle, 1985), Direct predation of Calyptogena magnifica has been observed by mobile grazers such as small gastropods, amphipods, and crabs. Accessed Calyptogena) chromosome, complete sequence. Berg, C. 1985. Sample Name: Calyptogena magnifica. 1983. The gonads then start filling, and complete sexual maturity is reached at 12-14 cm. 1999. Terwilliger, R., N. Terwilliger, A. Arp. It does however include some common taxonomic ranks (from high to low) including Superkingdom, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. nov.] Amorphea Adl et al. Fujikura, K., K. Amaki, J. Barry, Y. Fujiwara, V. Furushima, R. Iwase, H. Yamamoto, T. Maruyama. As a result, low concentration of free sulfide is found in the blood, protecting the aerobic respiration of the organisms from poisoning by sulfide due to its sensitivity to cytochrome-c oxidase and the enzymes involved in carbon fixation in the symbiont. The giant white clam from the Galapagos Rift, Calyptogena magnifica species novum. Large epibenthic predators such as zoarcid fish, Thermarces cerberus, indirectly aid in decreasing the mortality of sessile invertebrates, such as C. magnifica, by feeding on small mobile grazers. Calyptogena magnifica has an inhalant siphon that is used to sense the chemical environment from the incoming flow of water. Accessed Cm (Calyptogena magnifica) ›Candidatus Ruthia magnifica strain Cm (Calyptogena magnifica) ›Ruthia magnifica str. The Calyptogena magnifica symbiont Candidatus Ruthia magnifica was selected for sequencing because this symbiosis is one of the dominant macrofauna at vent sites in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Without the bacterial film on rocks, larvae lose the marker that indicates where to settle during development. (Berg, 1985; Cary and Giovannoni, 1993; Van Dover, 2000), Calyptogena magnifica individuals can survive anywhere from 3.5 to approximately 25 years. Genus recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Therefore, mating is random and results in high gene flow and genetic variability. at http://micheli.stanford.edu/pdf/69-Michelietal2002EcolMonog.pdf. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: Select one of the options below to target your search: Select item(s) and click on "Add to basket" to create your own collection here (400 entries max). 063009-1, 063009-2, etc. ... Ruthia magnifica subsp. Van Dover, C. 2000. okutanii” live symbiotically in the gill epithelial cells of giant clam species: “Candidatus R. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you About. Index To Organism Names (ION) is the world's largest online database of scientific organism names. Sclerochronology: reading the record of the molluscan shell. Please label samples within a lot with Date and Sample Number, i.e. A heterodont bivalve mollusk Calyptogena magnifica, from the East Pacific Rise and the Galápagos Rift hydrothermal vent areas, contains abundant hemoglobin in circulating erythrocytes. Accessed At the same time, indirect predation has also been observed by the removal of bacterial film on rocks by these mobile grazers. The valves are white and fairly elliptical in shape, and individuals grow an average of 4 cm per year. at http://www.biolbull.org/content/171/1/274.full.pdf+html. cl. The role of a zinc-based, serum-borne sulfide-binding component in the uptake and transport of dissolved sulfide by the chemoautotrophic symbiont-containing clam Calyptogena elongata. Population density increases with increasing concentrations of hydrogen sulfide. Ecological Monographs, 72(3): 365–382. Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. (Boss and Turner, 1980; Jones, 1983; Powell and Somero, 1986; Terwilliger, et al., 1983), Calyptogena magnifica larvae are lecithotrophic, and nonplanktonic. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Michael, J., R. Lutz. Using the foot and byssal threads as an anchor, these organisms pack, or clump, themselves in the crevices of basalt on the ocean floor. October 20, 2012 2005. Larvae are free-swimming and rely solely on their stored yolk reserves for energy. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate, animals which must use heat acquired from the environment and behavioral adaptations to regulate body temperature. (Berg, 1985; Boss and Turner, 1980), Calyptogena magnifica is a sessile bivalve species. “ Candidatus Ruthia magnifica”, “Candidatus Vesicomyosocius okutanii” and Thiomicrospira crunogena are all sulfur-oxidising bacteria found in deep-sea vent environments. with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018. nov.] 2007. Age/Size Growth Length-weight Length-length Morphology Larvae Abundance. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 179: 131-158. Egg cells range from 105-195 micrometers, and the heads of sperm cells are about 3 micrometers in diameter. Synapomorphy of the Anthozoa, reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. The rate of shell dissolution provides information in determining the longevity of hydrothermal vent activity along the rise axis. Butterflies have complete metamorphosis, grasshoppers have incomplete metamorphosis. at http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/27852138. ADIOS 2: The Adaptable Input Output System. Jones, D. 1983. The males detect an increase in water temperature and release sperm through their exhalant siphons. Calyptogena magnifica – Veneroida bÅ«rio dvigeldžių moliuskų rÅ«Å¡is. Use these numbers to refer to them in lab notebooks. Topics ... Common names Synonyms Predators Reproduction Maturity Spawning Fecundity Eggs Egg development. Lee, M. and D. Tarquinio 2013. (Boss and Turner, 1980; Cary and Giovannoni, 1993; Powell and Somero, 1986), Calyptogena magnifica is a heterodont bivalve that can reach 26 cm in length. Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). The visceral mass is a conspicuous red color due to intracellular hemoglobin, and the circulatory system is about 44% of the clam’s weight. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 333: 185-193. Discovered in 1977, the vesicomyid clam Calyptogena magnifica populates the deep-sea hydrothermal vent areas of the East Pacific Rise and the Galapagos Rift. The visceral mass of the animal experiences a temperature of about 2-4 degrees C, due to its location above the foot. It depends on these sulfur-metabolizing bacteria to receive its nutrients from the rich hydrogen sulfide environment of the hydrothermal vent. October 20, 2012 Long-term in situ monitoring of spawining behavior and fecundity in Calyptogena spp. Reference taxon from Catalogue of Life in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 275: 11-19.

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