However, only marantas can be propagated by stem cuttings. While prayer plants love moisture, both under- and overwatering will cause issues for your prayer plant. Outside of these zones, grow the plant indoors or in a greenhouse. Calathea divisions need much of the same care as Set yours in a space where nighttime temperatures at night don’t drop lower than 65 degrees or so and avoid spaces that may experience drastic fluctuations in temperature. Varieties. Step 3: Place the stem into either a glass of water or a container of moist all-purpose potting mix. Focusing on providing optimal care conditions after propagation is a key factor to successfully propagate calathea plants. When you remove the plant to repot it, you can gently divide the plant where it has created its own natural separations in the roots. You can also grow Calathea plants from seed, although it can be more difficult to source Calathea seeds. The plant has leaves whose stalk act like branches, it has no single stem like other plants and in therefore very difficult to propagate by cutting, but here are some guidelines, if you choose to try: Propagate calatheas by taking 6 inch stem cuttings and rooting them in a 50% mixture of peat and sharp sand. Maranta leuconeura – This cutie makes a great hanging plant or shelf plant. However, to date, there were no reports on the efficient micropropagation of C. crotalifera which had been performed in the present study. In fact, these houseplants tend to do better when they’re divided and repotted each year in early spring before the plant’s growth period begins. Once the seedlings are 3-4cm high, they can be very carefully transplanted into individual pots. If the Calathea offspring fail to grow, it could be because they were not divided properly. The Maranta leuconeura species has some of the most strikingly beautiful, decorative leaves in the plant kingdom. The prayer plant prefers well-drained soil and requires high humidity to thrive. Now I have an Orbifolia, a Lancifolia, a Musaica, a Triostar, a couple of others, and a couple of maranta that are similar in nature. Calathea stem cuttings simply do not contain the correct plant tissue to grow new roots and develop into a separate plant. Lighting. This will help to maximize humidity and keep the seedlings warm. They’ll use this time to adjust to the new conditions and recover from the shock of being separated and transplanted. You may want to use some of the soil from the mother plant to reduce stress on the offspring. You’ll probably only need to divide the plant in two, unless it is a large plant. It is a slow-growing plant and may take two seasons to reach its full height. Propagation. Calathea are slower growing house plants, so it may take a while for them to reach the size of the mother plant. However, it is possible to grow them in spaces with drier conditions using a humidifying tray. This will mimic the conditions in a greenhouse and help hold in heat and humidity. They prefer bright indirect lighting and it is best to avoid direct sunlight as this can scorch the plant or cause fading of the beautiful color patterns. If your prayer plant is happy, it may send up small spikes topped with tiny, pale purple flowers. The best way to propagate a Calathea is by division at repotting time in the spring. Most commercial houseplant potting mixes can be used, but I would strongly advise adding some perlite or an alternative drainage amendment to improve drainage. Most Calathea seeds are best planted at a depth of 0.5-1cm deep. Calatheas can be sensitive to the chemicals in public water systems, so you may want to use rainwater, filtered water or distilled water if you are having problems keeping your calatheas in good health. How to propagate Calathea plants: The easiest, most successful means of propagating a Calathea is to divide it when you repot the plant in spring. Calathea lancifolia (Rattlesnake Plant) and Calathea rufibarba (Velvet Calathea), are probably the easiest overall to care for and propagate. If you want to propagate your calathea plant, you can do it by dividing an existing plant. Zebra plant (Calathea zebrina) has elongated oval leaves with alternating light and dark green markings similar to a zebra’s stripes.
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