A blooming, green garden in a veranda is not only refreshing, but gives a pleasant look to your house. An award winning Butterfly Bush, Flutterby Petite® Tutti Frutti produces wave after wave of fragrant fuchsia colored flowers with a contrasting orange eye in dense spikes from spring to fall. Ploidy 2n = 76 (tetraploid).. Buddleja davidii, commonly called butterfly bush, is a deciduous shrub that is native to thickets on mountain slopes, limestone outcrops, forest clearings and rocky stream banks in China. In his 1979 revision of the taxonomy of the African and Asiatic species of Buddleja, the Dutch botanist Anthonius Leeuwenberg sank the six varieties of the species as synonyms of the type, considering them to be within the natural variation of a species, and unworthy of varietal recognition. Peacock Butterfly Bush. It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. Growers mostly in Britain selected plants that we today would call traditional varieties. While other trees are preparing for winter, butterfly bush is just waking up. Blooms are usually purple, rose, magenta, or white. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. It’s unanimous among butterfly gardening authors, Midwestern gardeners, and the butterflies who vote with their tongues: Orange Eye Butterflybush (Buddleja davidii), also commonly known simply as butterfly bush, is the preferred late summer nectar source, a perfectly named butterfly magnet. If you are planning to have Butterfly Bush in your garden, we provide you with all Butterfly Bush uses and Butterfly Bush Facts.If you are a passionate gardener, you should not only know how to take care of your plants but should also know their uses. Yes. However, the plant does not provide food for butterfly larvae, and buddlejas might out-compete the host plants that caterpillars require.. Preferred Scientific Name. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Buddleja_davidii&oldid=992437057, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Van Laere K (2008) Interspecific hybridisation in woody ornamentals. Bright yellow flowers appear at a time of year when little else is in bloom. However the Garden Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii), was introduced into Britain in the 1890s from China, where it grows wild. Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' Best Soil: Adapts to many soil types, but prefers well-drained loam ; Light: Full Sun ; Growth Rate: Fast ; Foilage: Gray green pointed leaves up to 10 inches long ; Bloom: Almost black purplish blossoms on lilac-like spikes up … It is a very popular ornamental plant, often found in gardens. Buddleja araucana Phil. Buddleja L. – butterflybush. butterfly bush; Other Scientific Names. Replace a butterfly bush growing in a garden with native plants, or at the least, deadhead it to prevent seeds from spreading. The opposite lanceolate leaves are 7–13 cm (3–5 inches) long, tomentose beneath when young. Escaped, invasive populations of butterfly bush are pervasive in western Washington, including Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, King, Lewis, Skagit, Snohomish, Thurston, and Whatcom counties. Buddleja davidii (spelling variant Buddleia davidii), also called summer lilac, butterfly-bush, or orange eye, is a species of flowering plant in the family Scrophulariaceae, native to Sichuan and Hubei provinces in central China, and also Japan. It has average water needs and requires good drainage as its roots are sensitive to rot. The honey-scented lilac to purple inflorescences are terminal panicles, < 20 cm (8 inches) long. Buddleja aromatica Rémy. It is a deciduous shrub with arching branches that can reach a height of 15 feet. Butterfly Bushes are some of the most loved garden plants in modern gardens, and not just by gardeners, but by hummingbirds, bees and, of course, butterflies. It was introduced into America shortly after that time. The specific epithet, sennae is for the genus Sennato which many of the cloudless sulphur's larval host plants belong. Its scientific name is also sometimes incorrectly spelt Buddleia. Once established, it is difficult to remove because it re-sprouts very easily. The thistle butterfly (Vanessa) is named for its principal larval host plant.Some species, such as the painted lady (V. cardui), migrate during adulthood, traveling in large groups.. It’s not really helpful at all because the best nectar plants for butterflies will depend completely on where you live. Buddleja acuminata Poir. Buddleja davidii Franchet, 1887; Preferred Common Name. You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! It is smaller with a less attractive habit and is best pruned to the ground each spring. Buddleia davidii Franchet; Buddleja variabilis Hemsley, 1889; International Common Names. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Buddleja . Buddleja davidii has been classified as an invasive species in many countries in temperate regions, including the United Kingdom and New Zealand. The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. Fountain butterfly bush r elated species: The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is better known and more highly scented than the fountain butterfly bush. These bushes get beautiful purple blooms, and have dark gray-green leaves which are large. Buddleja agathosma Diels. The pale brown bark becomes deeply fissured with age. Six feet tall and just as wide is pretty common. Another botanist-missionary in China, Jean-André Soulié, sent seed to the French nursery Vilmorin, and B. davidii entered commerce in the 1890s. The following davidii cultivars held the RHS Award of Garden Merit in 2012:-. Buddleja americana L. Buddleja anchoensis Kuntze. The large fritillaries, or silverspots, belong to the genus Speyeria and usually have silver markings on the undersides of the wings. Common Name: Peacock Butterfly Bush Botanical Name: Buddleia davidii Height: 4–6 ft. There are approximately 180 davidii cultivars, as well as numerous hybrids, with B. globosa and B. fallowiana grown in gardens. Butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a deciduous shrub with an arching habit and impressive flowers, but it has a mixed reputation. ... Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. They can supplant other plants as nectar sources and thus reduces their pollination. The MonarchWatch recommended nectar planting list is kind of a sad and useless joke with no scientific names, no disclaimers about Butterfly Bush, and no specifics about regional differences. It typically grows to 6-12’ (less frequently to 15’) tall with a spread to 4-15’ … However, as the distinctions of the former varieties are still widely recognized in horticulture, they are treated separately here: Buddleja davidii cultivars are much appreciated worldwide as ornamentals and for the value of their flowers as a nectar source for many species of butterfly. Within the United States, it is widely established as an escape from cultivation, and classified as a noxious weed by the states of Oregon and Washington. Papillon is the French term for butterfly. , B. davidii was accorded the RHS Award of Merit (AM) in 1898, and the Award of Garden Merit (AGM) in 1941. US Forest Service - Forest Health Protection, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, King County - Butterfly identification and control, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Tim Miller, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. The species and its cultivars are not able to survive the harsh winters of northern or montane climates, being killed by temperatures below about −15 to −20 °C (5 to −4 °F). Butterfly bush (Buddleja/Buddleia) is a genus of hardy flowering plants that produce appealing fragrant flower heads known for attracting butterflies and other insects.Despite being considered invasive by many ecologists, their striking appearance has helped them maintain their popularity in ornamental gardening. This is a heat and sun loving bush and will thrive in hot climates. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In fact, Buddleja davidii (the scientific name for butterfly bush) has certain traits that make it invasive in most environments. The almost honey-mead like fragrant, nectar rich flowers of the Butterfly Bush or Buddleia are produced from spring or early summer, flowering starts later the colder the climate, until the first frosts of autumn. The cluster flowers come in a wide variety of colors. Grower Information: Gorgeous butterfly bush produces incredibly long, 10 to 12-in. Common Name: Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac. Butterfly bush Scientific name: Buddleia lindleyana Family:Loganiaceae Plant parts used Leaves (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. 109-110) Mode of action Insecticidal (Prakash; Rao, 1997: p. … The branches are quadrangular in section, the younger shoots covered in a dense indumentum. Leaf stalks are short and hairy, although the leaves sometimes are attached directly to the stem. Location: Full sun Bloom: June to September, lavender-pink flower Hardiness zone 5–9 Peacock is a newer Proven Winners variety of butterfly bush known to flower more abundantly and not spread as aggressively as other varieties. Spread: 3–6 ft. The leaves and stems are typically hairy and are often green or blue-gray above and whitish on the underside, due to the fuzzy hairs.  It is widely used as an ornamental plant, and many named varieties are in cultivation. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henryabout 18… (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies.Incredible flower coverage on its dense clump of leaves. Throughout the country, the general requirements for butterfly gardening are the same: full sun, nectar source plants, larval host plants, a pesticide-free environment and knowledge of the local butterfly fauna. These include native capers and warrior bushes. The caterpillars of the Caper White Butterfly eat only plants belonging to the caper family (Capparis spp). Its name notwithstanding, the bush likely negatively affects native butterfly populations. List of Buddleja species and naturally occurring hybrids. (25 to 30-cm) panicles of colorful blossoms, a favorite of Monarch butterflies. Flowers cluster together in groups that may be 4-10 inches long. PhD. B. davidii is named after the French missionary and explorer in China, Father Armand David, who was the first European to report the shrub. Thesis, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Li, P. T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). The butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is a beautiful, fast-growing, deciduous shrub with masses of blossoms—long, spiked trusses—that bloom from summer to autumn. Scientific Name: Buddleia davidii. Buddleja alata Rehder & E.H.Wilson. Monarch butterfly feeding on a buddleja flower, Connecticut, United States, Buddleja davidii flowers with painted lady, peacock and (underneath) small tortoiseshell butterflies, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii cultivar flowers, Close-up of purple Buddleja davidii flowers photographed in visible, ultraviolet, and infrared light, Buddleja davidii 'White Profusion' cultivar flowers, Li, P-T. & Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1996). English: orange-eye butterfly bush; summer lilac; French: buddleia de David; Local Common Names Thanks to the magic of cultivar developers, the flowers now come in a number of … It's easy to grow and produces striking flower spikes. Buddleja alternifolia. This species originally from Asia readily takes over space where native North American plants would normally thrive. The foliage is deciduous and fairly ordinary looking, but when in bloom the flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. This sprawling, semi-evergreen shrub, reaching a height of 8 to 10 feet with an equal spread, produces blossoms in fall that resemble golden butterflies. Buddleja alternifolia Maxim. , Buddleja davidii is a vigorous shrub with an arching habit, growing to 5 m (16 ft) in height. Incredible … The butterfly bush is a perennial, woody shrub with purple flowers. & Raven, P. (eds), This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 07:35. Butterfly bush, (genus Buddleja), any of more than 100 species of plants constituting the genus Buddleja (family Scrophulariaceae), native to tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It also is common along riverbanks and river gravel bars where it out-competes native plants and alters soil nutrients. Genus. Find out how. Butterfly bushes form dense, shrubby thickets that exclude all other plants and displace native vegetation such as willows. Buddlejaceae – Butterfly-bush family Genus: Buddleja L. – butterflybush Species: Buddleja davidii Franch.  Flowers are perfect (having both male and female parts), hence are hermaphrodite rather than monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant) as is often incorrectly stated.  It is naturalized in Australia and in most cities of central and southern Europe, where it can spread on open lands and in gardens. Loganiaceae, in Wu, Z. Younger wood is more floriferous, so even if frosts do not kill the previous year's growth, the shrub is usually hard-pruned in spring once frosts have finished, to encourage new growth. Scientific Name: Buddleja davidii. Butterfly Bush Uses. The removal of spent flower panicles may be undertaken to reduce the nuisance of self-seeding and encourage further flower production; this extends the flowering season which is otherwise limited to about six weeks, although the flowers of the second and third flushes are invariably smaller. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Butterfly bushes are shrubs that have pointed clusters of small flowers at the ends of their many branches. It was found near Ichang by Dr Augustine Henry about 1887 and sent to St Petersburg. name search type enter a search name State Search ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The PRISM system is currently down. The cloudless sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus), is one of our most common and attractive Florida butterflies and is particularly prominent during its fall southward migration. & Raven, P. (eds), "Ploidy variation in Buddleja L. (Buddlejaceae) in the Sino - Himalayan region and its biogeographical implications", "Why You Should Never Plant a Butterfly Bush Again", "Buddleia: The plant that dominates Britain's railways", "Typification of ornamental plants: Buddleja davidii (Scrophulariaceae)". Many cultivars are of a dwarf habit, growing to no more than 1.5 m (5 feet).
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